- Location : Khartoum, Sudan
- Ending : 15 Dec 2020, Tuesday
- Posted : 05 Nov 2020, Thursday
HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS
Sudan and South Sudan are affected by long-term tensions over the borders and oil resources. An new armed conflict erupted in 2011, pitting the Sudanese armed forces against the SPLM-North insurgents who have taken refuge in the Nuba Mountains. This rebellion led to the creation of the Sudan Revolutionary Front, bringing together rebel groups from Darfur, South Kordofan and the Blue Nile.
The conflict has led to the fragmentation of South Kordofan into government-controlled areas, mainly the plains, and SPLM-controlled territories, generally in and around the highlands (or Nuba Mountains). These positions have not changed significantly, despite numerous offensives launched by both sides, violating the ceasefire signed in 2016.
The revolution of 2019 and the fall of Omar al-Bashir allowed the beginning of a round of political negotiations under the aegis of South Sudan, as well as a ceasefire. These steps led to a partial lifting of the restrictions on movement that had been imposed on the populations. These significant developments have also led the Government to allow humanitarian actors to access to South Kordofan, both in areas controlled by the central government and in areas controlled by SPLM-N forces, although access to the latter remains restricted.
However, the continuing political tensions in the Sudan, as well as the current economic crisis, have a direct impact on the living standards of the Sudanese. The maintenance of the country on the American blacklist of states supporting terrorism represents a major obstacle to the country’s economic recovery and the health crisis linked to the COVID 19 epidemic is contributing to the worsening of the country’s economic situation. In the face of galloping inflation, households are now spending more on basic necessities, neglecting other items considered of secondary importance such as education, health and drinking water.
According to UNOCHA, 77% of households spend more than a half of their budget on food purchases. More and more people are unable to meet their own needs, and this problem impacts first and foremost the most vulnerable groups of people, including refugees and displaced persons. According to UNOCHA, 2.7 million children suffer from acute malnutrition.
The successive economic and political crises have reinforced the context of humanitarian crisis in Sudan. Still According to UNOCHA, 9.3 million people will need humanitarian assistance in 2020, i.e. 23% of the country’s population, compared to 5.4 million in 2015 ; the economic crisis has pushed several million Sudanese into poverty and worsened the situation of already vulnerable people.
The humanitarian needs have grown : malnutrition and undernutrition are still present, unemployment and lack of resources in the countryside are pushing people to settle on the outskirts of towns, thus reinforcing the inability of public services to meet their needs.
Besides, the context of political and economic instability has contributed to an increase in banditry, violence and tensions between communities. Occasional attacks on populations push people to flee in search of safety.
OUR ACTION ON THE FIELD
Première Urgence Internationale is an NGO resulting from the merger of Aide Médicale Internationale (AMI) and Première Urgence (PU) in 2011. AMI arrived in Darfur in 2004 with primary health actions. The project consisted of support to health centers and the deployment of mobile clinics. Then in 2006, AMI expanded to Shaeria and Kazanjedeed. In 2005, AMI also started primary health activities in Ed Al Fursan, again in close collaboration with the Ministry of Health. In 2009, AMI had to close the mission. However, whether through PU or AMI before 2011, PUI has always been present in the region in Chad, especially since 2004, mainly in the East in the Ouaddai region where PUI is developing an integrated strategy to fight malnutrition, by acting as much as possible on its short, medium and long term determinants through primary health and food security interventions. In addition, PUI was present in Southern Sudan from 2013 to the end of 2019. PUI was implementing health and nutrition activities in Aweil North County, in Lol State (formerly Northern Bahr el Ghazal). The program consisted of support to nutritional sites and support to the primary health care center in Majak Kaar. Finally, PUI has been present in Libya since the beginning of 2017 through a program of mobile clinics in the Benghazi region. These various projects in the region aim to improve access to health care by providing medical treatment and primary health care.
Witnessing the lack of humanitarian aid In South Kordofan, PUI conducted assessment missions in January and February 2020 that confirmed and identified the existing needs in this region.
Considering the results of this last assessment, PUI wants to contribute to the sustainable improvement of the coverage of the population’s basic needs by reducing mortality and morbidity of the populations affected by the crisis in Sudan through an integrated approach.
Thus, PUI, in consortium with TGH in lead, recently submitted a project to support the sustainable recovery of basic services in the sub-district of El Abassiya in South Kordofan to the Crisis and Support Center (CDCS). The project will be implemented through, on the one hand, school infrastructures rehabilitation activities, EHA activities, the setting up of a mobile clinic to support the displaced populations and, on the other hand, the distribution of educational and health facilities. PUI also wishes to emphasize training of community health workers and the strengthening of local capacities to support health centers. The project should start in September 2020.
For 2020, the major objective of PUI and TGH is to bring about strong sectoral improvements in Health, Education and Water, Hygiene and Sanitation in several villages of Al Abbasiya sub-district (South Kordofan).
In this context PUI is looking for a strong and experienced head of mission.
The logistics coordinator is responsible for the smooth functioning of logistics on the mission. He/She makes sure the resources which are necessary for carrying out the programmes are available and actively participates in the mission’s safety management.
Safety: He/She assists the Head of Mission with safety management. He/She is directly responsible of the daily, concrete aspects of the mission’s safety management.
Supplies: He/She coordinates supplies and deliveries for projects and for the bases. He/She guarantees that PUI’s procedures and logistical tools are in place and are respected.
Fixed equipment: He/She is responsible of the management of computer equipment, tele/radiocommunication equipment and for the mission’s energy supply.
Car park: He/She is responsible of the management of the car park (availability, safety, maintenance etc), for the smooth functioning of the mission and the realization of activities in accordance with the available budget.
Functioning of the bases: He/She supports the teams in case of redeployment/installation/rehabilitation/ closing of bases.
Representation: He/She represents the organization amongst partners, authorities and different local actors involved in the logistics and the safety of the mission.Coordination: He/She consolidates and communicates logistics information at the heart of the mission to headquarters and also coordinates internal and external logistics reports.